While going through professional viola lessons in Folsom, you will get to learn about a variety of bow strokes – both “On the String” and “Off the String”. Let us take a quick look at some of them here in this quick guide.
“On the String” Bow Strokes
- Colle – Colle stands for glued. It is a very short stroke, and starts with the bow lightly contacting the string with a short and distinctive, sharp pinch. The bow is then raised to get ready for the subsequent stroke. The resulting sound is depicted as being similar to pizzicato with the bow. Even though Colle generally has no articulation markings, dots are used at times.
- Detache – Detache points to smooth, separate bow stroked should be used for each note. Notes are of equivalent value, and are produced with an even, flawless stroke with no variation.
- Detache Lance – Detache Lance is a variation of the Detache bow stroke. A slightly separated bow stroke is used to softly articulate the notes with an unaccented, distinct break between each note. It is often used together with the Loure or Porte stroke in order to perform quite a few separated notes in the same bow.
- Legato – Legato signifies the notes are supposed to be smoothly connected, played either in one or more than a few blows.
- Loure – Loure strokes are a short series of softly pulsed Legato notes carried out in one bow stroke. A slight swelling at the commencement of the note is supposed to be applied, followed by a steady lightening of the sound. Strokes are noticeably separate, yet unaccented, and the expressive swell is produced by applying pressure and speed to the bow at the commencement of the note. Even though a slur and horizontal dashes are usually used to point to this effect, dots with slurs are sporadically used.
- Martele – Martele is a French term, which stands for hammered. Each note is percussive, and commences with a sharp accent or “pinch” at the commencement of the note, followed by a quick release. Prior to the bow is set in motion, the index finger applies this “pinch” or “bite” for articulation. Martele may be notated in more than a single way: with dots, hammer heads or accents.
- Staccato – Staccato specifies that the bow is supposed to remain on the string to play shortened and detached notes, distinctly separate from successive notes. Staccato is, at times, used with slurs for a series of short, stopped notes played in the same up or down bow.
When it comes to “Off the String” Bow Strokes, you will get to learn about Jete, Richochet, Sautille, and Spiccato. While opting for an instructor, always keep in mind that teaching styles and personalities vary. A few instructors may work wonders with some individuals and not others. A perfect instructor is the one who will not just offer a solid foundation of viola techniques, but even teach you in a way that inspires and motivates you as a musician. To maximize your viola lessons in Folsom, make sure you find a qualified and certified instructor!